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Results for the Northern region

The data request for this study produced a very large number of tables, and we shall not attempt to examine them all here. It will suffice to look at the tables for two regions - the Northern region of England and the South-East of England - and see how the distribution of the social indicators has changed over the years.

The buttons below show tables of Social Class by the combined housing tenure/car access variable for the Northern region of England, for each of the census years 1971, 1981 and 1991.

Percentages: Row Column
Percentages: Row Column
Percentages: Row Column

The column percentages in the totals column show that the overall distribution of Social Class has flattened out, with people moving from the IIIM class up into classes II and IIIN. There has also been a big decrease in the proportion who are not coded to one of the main Social Classes I to V.

Looking at the individual columns we can see the same pattern in most of the car/tenure categories, except that in the "no car / social rental" category the shift has been mostly from the lower Social Classes to the middle, with little change in the higher Social Classes. Interestingly, and against the trend, this category had a higher proportion of people without a valid Social Class in 1991 than in 1971.

Examining the row percentages, we can see that the major change from 1971 to 1991 has been a large increase in the proportion of people in the "car access / owner-occupier" category group from 28% in 1971 to 59% in 1991. The has been matched by decreases in all the other categories, most notably the "no car access / social rental" group.

A similar distribution is also seen in each of the Social Classes, but emphasised in Classes IIIN and below where the shift to the "car access / owner-occupier" has been greater. Also, in Social Class V there were increases in both the "no car access / owner-occupier" and "car access / social rental" categories, whereas the proportions of the overall population in these categories decreased.