Classification: SOC2000
Short name: SOC2000
Full name: Standard Occupational Classifiation 2000
General description: SOC2000 was produced by revising and updating SOC90, the Standard Occupational Classification which was first published in 1990 to replace both the Classification of Occupations 1980 (CO80) and the Classification of Occupations and Dictionary of Occupational Titles (CODOT). It has the same conceptual basis as SOC90; jobs are classified in terms of their skill level and skill content. SOC2000 was produced because there a was need for greater clarity in the conceptual principles of the classification, and because it was becoming increasing difficult to classify some job titles using SOC90 (ONS, 2000: 1). SOC2000 also improves the alignment of the classification with the International Standard Classification of Occupations.
There are two important concepts that are used in the classification of jobs into groups by SOC2000:
1. Skill specialisation is the field of knowledge that is required to carry out tasks associated with an occupation competently, efficiently and thoroughly.
2. Skill levels ‘are approximated by the length of time deemed necessary for a person to become fully competent in the performance of tasks associated with a job’ which may also be dependent on the time that is required to gain formal qualifications, work-based training and work experience (ONS, 2000: 4) .
‘In terms of structure, SOC2000 has 9 major groups, 25 sub-major groups, 81 minor groups and 353 unit groups’. (ONS, 2000: 11). At the most detailed level unit groups are individual occupations. At the broadest level, SOC2000 brings together occupations as major groups which are similar in terms of the qualification level, training and skills required. Sub-major groups comprise occupations within a skill level according to skill specialisation. The minor group level further differentiates jobs according to skill specialisation.
Standard Occupational Classification 2000 Volume I Structure and descriptions of unit groups provides a more detailed description of the structure and concepts used in S0C2000 .
LS description: The 4-digit SOC2000 unit group code is used for the 2001 LS Census occupation variable.
Mnemonic: SOC2000
Keyword: Occupation
Start date: Census 2001
References: Office for National Statistics (2000) Standard Occupational classification 2000 Volumes 1 and 2. London: The Stationery Office.
Links: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/classifications/archived-standard-classifications/standard-occupational-classification-2000/index.html
Equivalent classifications: CO70 (Census 1971)
CO80 (Census 1981)
SOC90 (Census 1991)