Abstract

Williams M. Migration and social change in Cornwall 1971-91. In: Creeser R, Gleave S, editors. Migration Within England and Wales Using the Longitudinal Study. ONS Series LS, No. 9. London: The Stationery Office; 2000. p. 30-39.

This chapter explores both the characteristics of the population who left Cornwall between the period 1971-91 and those who moved to what is one of the most deprived areas of Britain. Two LS samples of those enumerated in 1971 and 1981, and those enumerated in 1981 and 1991 were analysed separately giving a total LS sample of 3,888 for the first period and 4,474 for the second. The chapter addresses three main hypotheses:
(1) That out-migrants were more likely to be economically disadvantaged before migration and less so after migration in comparison to non-migrants (2) That in-migrants would enjoy better life chances that non-migrants (3) That the changes over time in the groups will be similar in each cohort.
While the chapter is primarily concerned with what LS data are able to tell us about migration and social change in Cornwall, the methodology can be generalised to other geographic areas in England and Wales. The LS data used in this chapter went some way in answering the hypotheses about in- and out-migrants. Evidence suggests that both out-migrants and in-migrants may be more heterogeneous groups than previously thought. For example, Williams found that both unemployment and the pursuit of higher education are important predictors of out-migration from Cornwall.