Pugh H, Power C, Goldblatt P, Arber S. Women's lung cancer mortality, socio-economic status and changing smoking patterns. Social Science and Medicine 1991; 32 (10): 1,105-10

Mortality data from the OPCS Longitudinal Study were used to determine whether the conventional classification of married women by their husband's occupation under-estimates the extent of social differences in lung cancer among this group. Differences existed for social class measures but alternatives based on housing tenure and car access defined socio-economic differences wider than any other previously recorded for England and Wales: married women living in rented housing and without a car were two and a half times as likely to die from lung cancer than those in owner occupied housing with access to a car. The data also suggest that wide differences in mortality are likely to persist through the eighties and beyond.