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In this chapter we investigate the association for older people between living arrangements and health and well-being in England and Wales and make comparisons with data on other European countries. We first describe living arrangement patterns in England and Wales and in Europe. Second, we examine in detail the associations between living arrangements and health and and emotional well-being in England, and health and mortality in England and Wales. Using longitudinal data, we additionally examine the possible influence of health selection on our results. We also make comparisons with analyses of European data on associations between living arrangements and health and well-being, to observe the moderating effect that different cultural and political environments may have on these associations.
The data used are from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, the ONS Longitudinal Study and the European Social Survey. 'Older people' are defined as those aged 60 or over.